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Project EQHHPP

Euro-Quebec hydro-hydrogen pilot project

Project logo
Full project name Euro-Quebec hydro-hydrogen pilot project
Project (geographical) scope and type Cooperation of the EC, the Quebec region and an industry consortium
Project acronym EQHHPP
Project website
 The Euro-Quebec hydro-hydrogen pilot project [EQHHPP]: demonstration phase
 Authors: Yaverbaum G.J.; Nadarajan U.; Drolet B.; Gretz J.; Kluyskens D.; Sandmann F.; Wurster R.
 Source: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 21, Number 4, April 1996 , pp. 305-316(12)
 Publisher: Elsevier
Project main objective(s), goal(s)

The European Commission and the government of Québec agreed to investigate jointly the perspectives of renewably produced hydrogen as clean fuel. Excess hydro-power of 140 MW in Canada should be used to produce LH2, which should be shipped to Europe and used there. The overall goal of the demonstration phase of the EQHHPP was to advance hydrogen applications. Studies on hydrogen safety, regulations and acceptability, and on socio-economic aspects of hydrogen use, supported the technological development and demonstration activities.

Key issues In 1988, the European Commission and the government of Québec came to an agreement to

investigate jointly the perspectives of renewably produced hydrogen as clean fuel. Together with European and Canadian industrial companies and research organizations the various steps of the project should be carried out. In a detailed feasibility study between 1989 and 1991 (EQHHPP Phase II) it was investigated whether 140 MW of surplus electricity produced in existing hydropower plants (which could not be fed into the existing electric grid) could be converted into hydrogen, transported to Europe and applied there in various end-use technologies. By 1991 the general feasibility could be proven with a 15% cost accuracy. In 1992, an additional investigatory phase on various scientific and technological questions as well as on approval issues concerning the delivery of liquid hydrogen to the port of Hamburg was carried out. In parallel, a financial engineering phase took part during 1991 and 1992. During this phase it turned out that the required funding of approximately 1 billion U.S.$ could not be raised in a joint effort by the participating industry, national governments and the European Commission.

Therefore, on recommendation by the European Parliament, the focus was shifted to the development, realization, testing and demonstration of key hydrogen application and infrastructure technologies, such as buses, aircraft jet engine, transport containers and co-generation units. The demonstration phases III.0-2 (1992-1995), III.0-3 (1993-1998) and III.0-4 (1994-1998) have generated plentiful experience and technological improvements in the field of hydrogen energy. In the 10 year project duration a total budget of approximately 50 MECU has been allocated to hydrogen technology (Tab. 3), out of which approximately 18.7 MECU or a minimum of 37% were funded by the EU.


€ 50 Mio total budget
including max € 2.5 Mio EC funding (Phase I)
€ 5 Mio total budget including max € 2.5 Mio EC funding (Phase II)

Project start


Project end


Coordinator contact details
 to be edited
List of participants (organisation name, country)
Organisational structure

EQHHPP Phases:

 II – Feasibility Study – detailed system definition 1989 - 1991
 II – Supplementary R&D Task Program 1990 – 1992
 III.0-1 – Pre-Approval Activities Europe 1991 - 1992
 III.0-2 – Hydrogen Demonstration Program 1992 – 1995 
 III.0-3 – Hydrogen Demonstration Program (Europe) 1993 – 1999 
 III.0-4 – Hydrogen Demonstration Program (Europe) 1994 – 2000 
Technical approach intentionally left blank
Results, achievements

to be edited

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Page last modified on January 21, 2009, at 05:46 PM