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Project Japan H 2 FC

European Integrated Hydrogen Project

Project logo
Full project name HySafe "Safety of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier"
Project (geographical) scope and type European Integrated Project
Project acronym EIHP; EIHP1 (Phase I); EIHP2 (Phase II)
Project website
Project main objective(s), goal(s)

Phase I: This project, which aimed at creating the basis for harmonisation of necessary legislation in Europe, was undertaken in close cooperation with licensing authorities in several EU member states (Belgium, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden).

The main objectives of this project were to: identify deficiencies impeding the harmonisation of guidelines, regulations etc., coordinate harmonisation in the approaches to standardisation; prepare a well-defined basis for discussion with relevant authorities; integrate the practical experience with hydrogen vehicles in the draft regulations; integrate existing ECE frameworks; and develop concepts for standardised vehicle components and infrastructure.

The particular objectives of the EIHP were:

  1. To create a pan-European database of existing regulations and codes of practice ap-plicable to the use of hydrogen in vehicles
  2. To contact other pertinent authorities outside Europe (Japan, USA)
  3. To identify weak spots in today's technology
  4. To define the areas requiring regulation
  5. To analyse, identify and propose safety concepts
  6. To integrate ECE guidelines and create a basis of ECE regulation of hydrogen vehi-cles and the necessary infrastructure (replacing national legislation/ regulations)

Phase II: EIHP2 will also develop a refuelling station layout requirement, analyse and quantify health, environment and safety risks associated with onsite hydrogen equipment and assess the requirements for maintenance and periodic inspection of all related components and sys-tems. Finally EIHP2 will identify the requirements necessary to harmonise standards, codes of practice and filling procedures applicable to refuelling station sub-systems and compo-nents on a European and global level. For the first time this will also include the refuelling interface (nozzle-receptacle) between the filling station and the vehicle also taking into ac-count the necessary refuelling procedures for fast filling. The outcome shall be approved re-fuelling connectors.

EIHP2 will undertake comparative risk and safety analyses with respect to the release of hy-drogen in confined and semi-confined environments, such as tunnels, inner-city streets and garages. These experimental data shall provide sufficient input to enable the partnership to define the required inputs for hydrogen related standards and regulations.

EIHP2 in its attempt for global harmonisation will try to coordinate such activities between the EU and the USA. Also first contacts to Japan will be established. Interested experts and tar-get groups shall be informed in workshops on the results achieved in EIHP2.

Key issues Implementation of hydrogen vehicle and infrastructure technology can only succeed if the coordination of European R&D activities are intensified and technical progress is not hindered by differing regulations and licensing procedures within the EU member states.

The second phase included a more international scope, in particular the EU-USA link was stressed.

The EIHP project might be considered as the fathers of the NoE HySafe.


€ 5 Mio total budget including max € 2.5 Mio EC funding (Phase I)
€ 5 Mio total budget including max € 2.5 Mio EC funding (Phase II)


JOE3-CT97-0088 (Phase I)
ENK6-CT2000-00442 (Phase II)

Project start

1 February 1998 (Phase I)
1 February 2001 (Phase II)

Project end

31 January 2000 (Phase II)
31 January 2004 (Phase II)

Coordinator contact details
 Reinhold Wurster
 L-B-Systemtechnik GmbH
 Daimlerstrasse 15
 85521 Ottobrunn
 Phone: +49-89-608 110 33
 Fax +49-89-609 97 31
List of participants (organisation name, country)

Phase I:

  1. Hydrogen Systems, B
  2. BMW, D
  3. Hamburgische Elektrizitätswerke, D
  4. LBST, D
  5. Messer, D
  6. INTA, E
  7. Air Liquide SA, F
  8. Renault, F
  9. EC-Joint Research Centre, NL
  10. Volvo, S

Phase II:

  1. Vandenborre Technologies, B
  2. BMW, D
  3. DaimlerChrysler, D
  4. Ford, D
  5. FZK, D
  6. LBST, D
  7. Linde, D
  8. Messer, D
  9. Opel, D
  10. INTA, E
  11. Air Liquide SA, F
  12. Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique, F
  13. Air Products, GB
  14. BP, GB
  15. Shell, GB
  16. NCSR Demokritos, GR
  17. EC-Joint Research Centre, NL
  18. Det Norske Veritas, N
  19. Norsk Hydro ASA, N
  20. Raufoss ASA, N
  21. Volvo, S
Organisational structure
 The project was conducted in two phases, Phase I and Phase II.

 Phase I is subdivided into eight work packages or tasks:

 Task 1: Survey/ analysis of rules, regulations and licensing procedures in all participating countries
 Task 2: Analysis of existing and planned H2 safety concepts and technologies
 Task 3: Identification of rules and regulations ready for harmonization
 Task 4: Identification of deficiencies in rules and regulations
 Task 5: Identification of deficiencies in safety concepts and technologies
 Task 6: Proposal for investigations to create a basis for standardization
 Task 7: Proposal for safety concepts
 Task 8: Proposal of pre-normative rules

 The Phase II work is broken down into the following six work packages:

 WP1 - Overall Coordination
 WP2 - Refuelling Station
 WP3 - Refuelling Interface
 WP4 - Vehicles
 WP5 - Safety
 WP6 - Links "EU-USA", Cluster Activities
Technical approach intentionally left blank
Results, achievements

As a result, proposals for further investigations and improved safety concepts were compiled, together with concepts for standardised vehicle components, infrastructure components and draft harmonised regulations.

The expected ambitious results from EIHP2 were:

  • Development of a world-wide harmonised regulation for hydrogen fuelled road vehicles
  • Development of procedures for periodic vehicle inspections (roadworthiness).
  • As far as possible development of a world-wide standard or regulation and of periodic inspection procedures for the relevant refuelling infrastructure, subsystems or components.

These draft regulations and standards should enable vehicle and infrastructure industry to save enormous resources in bringing hydrogen fuelled fuel cell vehicles onto the road. Many countries should for the first time have the legal basis to approve the operation of hydrogen fuelled vehicles on public roads and refilling at public refuelling stations. In addition, the access of European vehicle and infrastructure component manufacturers to the EU market as well as the North American market should be facilitated in the medium and long term.

In fact the immediate implementation of the results as international standards did not take place. However, the industry is using the results as the only quasi-standard available in particular the suggested safety testing procedures.

Public results are to be found on and "Final Reports" on

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Page last modified on December 04, 2008, at 04:21 PM